Farm structures used in farming operations, which may include buildings to house families and workers, as well as livestock, machinery, and crops.The basic unit of commercial agricultural operation, throughout history and worldwide, is the farm. Because farming systems differ widely, there are important variations in the nature and arrangements of farm facilities.
Farm structures deals with farmhouses and service buildings that can be classified as follows: livestock barns and shelters; machinery- and supply-storage buildings; buildings and facilities for crop storage, including fodder; and special-purpose structures.Machinery storage should have as much surface between the interior posts, without being too deep, so that each machine can be taken out easily.
Importance of Farm Structure
Farm structures form an important part of any farming enterprise and arerequired for the following:
The farmer and his employees require dwellings.
Farm animals, including poultry are housed part-time or full time in buildings.
Buildings are required for certain activities such as shearing, milking, sorting and grading of farm products.
Buildings are necessary for the storage of farming requirements andimplements, farm produce, feeds and food.
Buildings or rooms are necessary for a workshop and for office from which the farm is managed.
Farm structures/buildings represent a production or storage cost. Just as a return from feed or labour cost is expected, a benefit from a building investment should also be anticipated.